India Iran Defence Agreement 2003
– On 5 January 2003, Iranian Trade Minister Mohammad Shariatmadari, Afghan Trade Minister Mostafa Kazemi and Minister of State for Foreign Affairs Digvijay Singh signed two memorandums on cooperation in trade, economy and transport. The declarations of intent include an intensification of trilateral cooperation in the economic and transport sectors, as well as the development of a common trade policy and reciprocal investment. The Republic of India and the Islamic Republic of Iran are committed to harnessing the full potential of bilateral relations for the benefit of the people of both countries and regional peace and stability. 7 Closer relations between New Delhi and Tehran, particularly in the area of defence cooperation, will be essential for both countries, although they could have an impact on the political-strategic dynamics of West Asia. In the 1990s, India and Iran supported the Northern Alliance in Afghanistan against the Taliban regime. They continue to work together to support the broad anti-Taliban government of Ashraf Ghani, supported by the United States. The two countries signed a defence cooperation agreement in December 2002.  The declaration called on the two states to extend their strategic cooperation to third countries, a clear reference to Afghanistan. On 20 February 2003, India declared that it was bypassing Pakistan as it pursued a multi-billion euro pipeline project with Iran. Oil Minister Ram Naik said the pipeline between Iran and India bypassed Pakistan by sea.
He said he would travel to Iran within three months to discuss the deal. „We haven`t discussed it with Pakistan and we won`t talk to them,“ Naik told parliament. „We have to buy from Iran; There is no proposal to bring him ashore. It can go through the sea,“ he said. According to the September 2007 reports, Iran is negotiating with India to purchase advanced radar systems for firefighting and anti-aircraft battery monitoring. Iran is seeking an unspecified number of bat control systems improved by bharat electronics Ltd (BEL) of the Indian state. The deal could amount to $70 million and mark the first major defense agreement between New Delhi and Tehran. However, New Delhi is under intense pressure from Washington not to sell the radar to Iran, as it is convinced that this request is part of Iran`s military efforts to protect its nuclear facilities. The upgraded super bat is a single-compulsive radar used in 35 mm anti-aircraft batteries and designed to detect low-flying objects such as unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs). The digital system contains a built-in simulator and a signal jammer. What is crucial is that BHEL stated in the minutes and confirmed Iran`s request for these improved radars. Factory officials said Iran was looking for the same fire control and surveillance radar that the company had already upgraded to the Indian military in 2001.
– Iran and India sign six bilateral agreements during the visit of Prime Minister Vajpayee, who also addressed the Iranian parliament. The final say on this sensitive subject comes from the famous Jane-™s Defence Weekly, the authentic voice on strategic and defence issues.