International Environmental Agreements Examples
The process of institutionalizing the joint participation of EAs in international conventions and treaties relating to the environment and natural resource management is underway. Regarding the implementation of the results of the Rio Summit on Sustainable Development: the future we want, an EAC action plan after Rio-20 has been drawn up and approved by the EAC Council of Ministers. Technical preparations are under way, including the development of regional position papers to prepare the international policy debate on biodiversity, climate change and disaster prevention within the framework of the UN CBD, the UNFCCC and the hyogo framework for disaster prevention measures. The strategy to combat poaching and the illegal trade in wild plants and wildlife products is being developed. Initially, 19 of TheKyoto negotiators disagreed on whether international trade in authorizations should be allowed. The pro-trade argument reflects the argument for a market-based policy in a closed economy: trade increases economic efficiency, i.e. it reduces the total cost of reducing costs by transferring the reduction to countries with lower costs. The most compelling arguments against trade are based on the practical fear that it will undermine emissions reductions by allowing some countries to sell falsified emission credits.  The Kyoto Protocol resolved the dispute by allowing limited trade in authorizations. The same debate is now taking place when the Emissions Trading System is examined in the next version of the Kyoto Protocol and the review of the Emissions Trading System between countries or regions that are part of different agreements (the Kyoto Protocol, the regional greenhouse gas initiative in the eastern United States and the Western climate initiative involving Western States and Canadian provinces). Depending on whether trade takes place between countries or regions that make independent policies („non-harmonized policies“) or in a region where countries coordinate their policies („harmonized policies“). 1.5 International environmental agreements are important because they allow countries to cooperate to address important environmental issues that are cross-border or global, such as air pollution, climate change, ozone protection and marine pollution.