Lhwp Phase 2 Agreement
The operations centre will be a multi-faceted building with office buildings, an exhibition hall, conference rooms and an information centre for visitors. This building is strategically located on the water`s edge, so the inhabitants are always presented with a view of the dam. It is influenced by the terrain and fits into the shape and profile of the country. The building will be used by the LHDA and the dam consultant during the construction phase and LHDA Polihali will take over after its implementation. There was an agreement between South Africa and the Government of Lesotho on procurement policy and the committee could obtain detailed information on how South Africa and Lesotho would benefit from this mega-project. The delays were caused by delays in the elections in Lesotho and it would have been irresponsible for South Africa to push for the project to be completed in these elections. The South African government had to wait for the training of the new leaders before giving the green light to the project. The government had decided that it was not enough just to continue to give money to countries every month if there was no training of those involved in these projects and the transfer of skills to create lasting benefits for the country. MEPs should again refrain from thinking that the water shortage in the country is due to delays in phase II of the project, as this was not a real reflection of the reality on the ground. Some of the water from the Polihali Dam is channelled through a tunnel to the Katse Dam in South Africa. At 185 m high and 710 m wide, the Katse dam is currently fed by a tunnel that connects it to the Mohale dam.
It is used for drinking water supply and agriculture in Gauteng province, South Africa, in accordance with the 1986 agreements with Lesotho. South Africa, which co-finances the LHWP with Lesotho, is expected to see the benefits of the project from November 2026, said Lindiwe Sisulu, South Africa`s minister for human settlements, water and sanitation. The first phase (phase I) of the multi-stage project was completed in 2004 and the second phase (phase II) is underway. In the second phase, the government of Lesotho plans to build a concrete dam with a 165-metre high wall. The Polihali Dam is built downstream of the confluence of the Orange-Senqu and Khubelu rivers in the Mokhotlong district of Lesotho. The dam will allow the formation of a dam on the Orange and Khubelu rivers on an area of 5,053 hectares, for a total storage capacity of 2,325 million m3. It is supported by a saddle dam, an aid tank built to limit the reservoir created by a primary dam, either to allow higher height and storage of water or to limit the expansion of the reservoir in order to increase its yield. The Lesotho Highlands Development Authority (LHDA) is tasked, through the 1986 Treaty and the Phase II Agreement, to ensure that the risks of involuntary resettlement are addressed and that the livelihoods of those affected are restored, but also to improve the livelihoods of communities living in the LHWP II region through initiatives that will be sustainable beyond the construction period.